美国CERT发布十大最易被利用漏洞及相关IOCs

美国政府报告确定了2016年至2019年期间,各国家(包括中国、伊朗、朝鲜和俄罗斯)、非国家和未归因网络攻击者最易利用的十大漏洞,分别为:CVE-2017-11882,CVE-2017-0199,CVE-2017-5638,CVE-2012-0158 ,CVE-2019-0604,CVE-2017-0143,CVE-2018-4878,CVE-2017-8759,CVE-2015-1641和CVE-2018-7600。最常利用的漏洞存在于Microsoft和Adobe Flash产品中,攻击者经常利用Microsoft的对象链接和嵌入(OLE)技术中的漏洞,因为OLE允许文档包含来自其他应用程序(如电子表格)的嵌入内容。在OLE之后,第二大易受攻击的是被广泛使用的Web框架Apache Struts。除此之外,美国政府还报告在2020年,攻击者越来越多地针对未打补丁的虚拟专用网漏洞,包括Citrix VPN设备中的任意代码执行漏洞(CVE-2019-19781)、Pulse Secure VPN服务器中的任意文件读取漏洞(CVE-2019-11510)。针对相关漏洞,公告中提供了相关IOCs。

CVE-2017-11882

CVE-2017-0199

CVE-2017-5638

CVE-2012-0158

CVE-2019-0604

CVE-2017-0143

  • Vulnerable Products: Microsoft Windows Vista SP2; Windows Server 2008 SP2 and R2 SP1; Windows 7 SP1; Windows 8.1; Windows Server 2012 Gold and R2; Windows RT 8.1; and Windows 10 Gold, 1511, and 1607; and Windows Server 2016
  • Associated Malware: Multiple using the EternalSynergy and EternalBlue Exploit Kit
  • Mitigation: Update affected Microsoft products with the latest security patches
  • More Detail: https://nvd.nist.gov/vuln/detail/CVE-2017-0143

CVE-2018-4878

CVE-2017-8759

CVE-2015-1641

  • Vulnerable Products: Microsoft Word 2007 SP3, Office 2010 SP2, Word 2010 SP2, Word 2013 SP1, Word 2013 RT SP1, Word for Mac 2011, Office Compatibility Pack SP3, Word Automation Services on SharePoint Server 2010 SP2 and 2013 SP1, and Office Web Apps Server 2010 SP2 and 2013 SP1
  • Associated Malware: Toshliph, UWarrior
  • Mitigation: Update affected Microsoft products with the latest security patches
  • More Detail: https://nvd.nist.gov/vuln/detail/CVE-2015-1641
  • IOCs: https://www.us-cert.gov/ncas/analysis-reports/ar20-133m

CVE-2018-7600

  • Vulnerable Products: Drupal before 7.58, 8.x before 8.3.9, 8.4.x before 8.4.6, and 8.5.x before 8.5.1
  • Associated Malware: Kitty
  • Mitigation: Upgrade to the most recent version of Drupal 7 or 8 core.
  • More Detail: https://nvd.nist.gov/vuln/detail/CVE-2018-7600

Mitigations for Vulnerabilities Exploited in 2020

CVE-2019-11510

CVE-2019-19781

Oversights in Microsoft O365 Security Configurations

Organizational Cybersecurity Weaknesses

CISA’s Free Cybersecurity Services

Adversaries use known vulnerabilities and phishing attacks to compromise the security of organizations. CISA offers several free scanning and testing services to help organizations reduce their exposure to threats by taking a proactive approach to mitigating attack vectors.

Cyber Hygiene: Vulnerability Scanning helps secure your internet-facing systems from weak configuration and known vulnerabilities. It also encourages organizations to adopt modern security best practices. CISA performs regular network and vulnerability scans and delivers a weekly report for your action. Once initiated, this service is mostly automated and requires little direct interaction. After CISA receives the required paperwork for Cyber Hygiene, our scans will start within 72 hours and you’ll begin receiving reports within two weeks.

Web Application Service checks your publicly accessible web sites for potential bugs and weak configurations. It provides a “snapshot” of your publicly accessible web applications and also checks functionality and performance in your application.
If your organization would like these services or want more information about other useful services, please email vulnerability_info@cisa.dhs.gov.

CISA Online Resources

The Patch Factory: CISA infographic depicting the global infrastructure for managing vulnerabilities.

CISA Alert: (AA20-120A) Microsoft Office 365 Security Recommendations: recommendations for organizations to review and ensure their O365 environment is configured to protect, detect, and respond against would-be attackers.

CISA’s Cyber Essentials: a guide for leaders of small businesses as well as leaders of small and local government agencies to develop an actionable understanding of where to start implementing organizational cybersecurity practices.

Contact Information

If you have any further questions related to this Joint Alert, please contact the FBI at either your local Cyber Task Force or FBI CyWatch.

To request incident response resources or technical assistance related to these threats, contact CISA at CISAServiceDesk@cisa.dhs.gov.

References

[1] Cybersecurity Vulnerabilities and Exposures (CVE) list[2] CISA Alert (TA15-119A). Top 30 Targeted High Risk Vulnerabilities. (2016, S…[3] Recorded Future. 2019 Vulnerability Report: Cybercriminals Continue to Targ…

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May 12, 2020: Initial Version

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